Elephants are mammals of the family Elephantidae and the largest existing land animals. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant , the African forest elephant , and the Asian elephant. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea ; extinct members include the mastodons. The family Elephantidae also contains several now-extinct groups, including the mammoths and straight-tusked elephants. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs, whereas Asian elephants have smaller ears, and convex or level backs.
Elephants: Earth's Largest Living Land-Animals
Elephants: Earth's Largest Land-Animals | Live Science
Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, and they're one of the most unique-looking animals, too. With their characteristic long noses, or trunks; large, floppy ears; and wide, thick legs, there is no other animal with a similar physique. Most experts recognize two species of elephant: the Asian elephant Elephas maximus and the African elephant Loxodonta africana , who live on separate continents and have many unique features. There are several subspecies that belong to one or the other of these two main species, though experts argue over how many subspecies there are and whether or not they constitute separate species, according to the San Diego Zoo. Asian elephants live in Nepal, India and Southeast Asia in scrub forests and rainforests. African elephants are the larger of the two species. They grow to between 8.
Elephant Interesting Facts
The elephant is one of the most easily recognisable animals in the whole wide world. African elephants and Asian elephants are true gentle giants. Many of us have seen them in zoos, and some of us have even been lucky enough to catch a glimpse of them in their natural habitats.
Q: What do you call a male adult elephant? And an adult female? What about a baby? Elephants have little in common with cattle, but they share with them the names for adult male bull , adult female cow and juvenile calf.